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Public sector primary schools

Is EYL taught as an official part of the curriculum in public sector primary schools? It is in the process of introduction, province by province
When was it introduced? 1998 (regionally)
At what age do students begin EYL? 8/9
Have any significant changes in teaching EYL taken place since 1980? See above
Is there any widespread teaching of English before the official starting age for compulsory EYL? No
How many hours a week/school year are officially allocated for EYL? Not fewer than 72 x 60minute lessons per year
How many EYL teachers and students are there in the public education system? Not stated
Who does the EYL teaching? • The class teacher (5% approximately)
• A specialist teacher working in a single school (5% approximately)
• A specialist teacher working in several schools (10% approximately)
• Someone who is not a qualified teacher but who knows English and who works in a single school (40% approximately)
• As above but working in several schools (40% approximately)
Who is eligible to teach EYL in the public education system? Anyone with a teaching degree
Nationwide are schools able to recruit enough EYL teachers? No. Teacher supply is a problem. In some areas qualification requirements are being relaxed so that classes can be covered.
What official guidelines exist for EYL teaching? There is no national curriculum as such but there are curriculum matrices/guidelines for each subject, and for English there is a detailed specification of content
Do EYL teaching materials have to be approved? There is no school budget for books, so teachers make their own materials
What materials are typically used? Lesson materials adapted from published sources
What other foreign languages are taught at primary level? Spanish as a second language for indigenous learners. Provinces can opt for Portuguese or French.
Are any changes in the provision of EYL planned or anticipated? A general education reform is underway

Private sector primary schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? Yes, mostly in Buenos Aires
What percentage of primary age children attends them? Not stated
What differences in EYL provision exist from public sector primary schools? A great variety. Some schools use a content-based inderdisciplinary approach. Bilingual schools may offer up to 20 hours per week of English.
What materials do they use for EYL? Not stated

Private language schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? Only in Buenos Aires
How many Young Learners take private language school classes? Not stated
How many hours of English do they typically offer? 3-10 a week
Is there any perceived conflict between public school and private language school provision in EYL? Private language schools offer more advanced classes and have a different methodology
What materials do they use for EYL? Mainly imported and mainly from the UK

Private tuition for Young Learners

Is there private tuition for primary age children? Yes, especially in areas where other options are limited
How many Young Learners are involved? Not stated
What is the typical starting age for private tuition? Before mainstream education
Why do parents use private tutors? Parents think of English as a necessary skill and do not consider that public schools are meeting their objectives in teaching it. Something that you pay for is seen as better than something for free.

Date information collected: 1999

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