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  India - Gujarat

Public sector primary schools

Is EYL taught as an official part of the curriculum in public sector primary schools?  Yes
When was it introduced?  1981
At what age do students begin EYL?  10/11 (Standard 5)
Have any significant changes in teaching EYL taken place since 1980? No
Is there any widespread teaching of English before the official starting age for compulsory EYL?  Not stated
How many hours a week/school year are officially allocated for EYL?  60 hours per year (approximately) = 4-6 x 30minute sessions per week x 20 working weeks
How many EYL teachers and students are there in the public education system? Over 40,000 teachers
Over 20,000,000 students
Who does the EYL teaching?  • The class teacher (40%)
• A specialist teacher working in a single school (10%)
• Someone who is not a qualified teacher but who knows English and who works in several schools (40%)
(Remainder not stated)
Who is eligible to teach EYL in the public education system?  An established primary teacher who has passed a local test in English
Nationwide are schools able to recruit enough EYL teachers?  No
What official guidelines exist for EYL teaching? There is a fairly detailed outline of suitable content and a teacher's manual
Do EYL teaching materials have to be approved?  There is only one approved book and this is published specially for schools in the region
What materials are typically used?  • Original materials devised by teachers themselves
• Locally published coursebooks
What other foreign languages are taught at primary level? None
Are any changes in the provision of EYL planned or anticipated?  No

Private sector primary schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? Yes
What percentage of primary age children attends them? 10%
What differences in EYL provision exist from public sector primary schools? English is the medium of instruction in private schools
What materials do they use for EYL?  Not stated

Private language schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? No

Private tuition for Young Learners

Is there private tuition for primary age children? Yes
how many Young Learners are involved?  10%
What is the typical starting age for private tuition? Before mainstream education
Why do parents use private tutors?  Because they do not consider public school English education to be satisfactory

Date information collected: 1999

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