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  India - Maharashtra

Public sector primary schools

Is EYL taught as an official part of the curriculum in public sector primary schools? Yes
When was it introduced? Not stated
At what age do students begin EYL? 10/11 (Standard 5)
Have any significant changes in teaching EYL taken place since 1980? No
Is there any widespread teaching of English before the official starting age for compulsory EYL? No
How many hours a week/school year are officially allocated for EYL? 80 hours per year (160 x 30minute periods = 5 periods per week for 32 teaching weeks)
How many EYL teachers and students are there in the public education system? 100,000 teachers (approximately)
over 2,000,000 students
Who does the EYL teaching? The class teacher (100%)
Who is eligible to teach EYL in the public education system? A teacher with pre-service training in EYL
Nationwide are schools able to recruit enough EYL teachers? Yes
What official guidelines exist for EYL teaching? There is a detailed specification of content (teacher's manual)
Do EYL teaching materials have to be approved? There is only one approved book and this is published specially for schools in this region, but teachers are also free to use other supplementary and supporting material
What materials are typically used? • Original material devised by teachers themselves
• Lesson materials adapted from several published sources
• Locally published coursebooks
What other foreign languages are taught at primary level? None
Are any changes in the provision of EYL planned or anticipated? There is a curriculum committee working on changes in the curriculum

Private sector primary schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? Yes
What percentage of primary age children attends them? 35%
What differences in EYL provision exist from public sector primary schools? None. The curriculum pattern is uniform for public and private schools.
What materials do they use for EYL? Not stated

Private language schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? No

Private tuition for Young Learners

Is there private tuition for primary age children? Yes
How many Young Learners are involved?  70%
What is the typical starting age for private tuition? Not before that of compulsory education
Why do parents use private tutors? To strengthen their children's study habits

Date information collected: 1999

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