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  India - West Bengal

Public sector primary schools

Is EYL taught as an official part of the curriculum in public sector primary schools? Yes
When was it introduced? 1999
At what age do students begin EYL? 7/8 (Grade 3)
Have any significant changes in teaching EYL taken place since 1980? EYL was first introduced for Grade 6 (age 11/12) in 1984
Is there any widespread teaching of English before the official starting age for compulsory EYL? In the private sector schools in urban areas teach English from kindergarten stage (age 3)
How many hours a week/school year are officially allocated for EYL? 3.3 hours a week (delivered as 5 x 40minute lessons) over a year of 25 teaching weeks
How many EYL teachers and students are there in the public education system? Not stated
Who does the EYL teaching? • The class teacher (70% approximately)
• A person who is not a qualified teacher but who knows English
Who is eligible to teach EYL in the public education system? • An established primary teacher who has passed a local test in English - School Leaving (secondary) exam with English as a compulsory subject
• A teacher who has had pre-service training at college or unversity and is qualified to become a teacher of English at primary level
• A university graduate, with or without training
Nationwide are schools able to recruit enough EYL teachers? No
What official guidelines exist for EYL teaching? There is a detailed specification of content with, e.g., word lists, structure lists, examples of phrases and sentences to be used in teaching
Do EYL teaching materials have to be approved? There is only one approved book and this is published specially for schools in this country. No other choice is allowed.
What materials are typically used? Locally produced materials
What other foreign languages are taught at primary level? None
Are any changes in the provision of EYL planned or anticipated? No

Private sector primary schools

No information available at this time

Private language schools

No information available at this time

Private tuition for Young Learners

No information available at this time

Date information collected: 1999

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