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Public sector primary schools

Is EYL taught as an official part of the curriculum in public sector primary schools?  Yes
When was it introduced? 1994
At what age do students begin EYL? 9/10 (Primary Year 4)
Have any significant changes in teaching EYL taken place since 1980? No
Is there any widespread teaching of English before the official starting age for compulsory EYL? No
How many hours a week/school year are officially allocated for EYL? 90 minutes/week in 1 x 90-minute session. There are 40 teaching weeks/year, approximately.
How many EYL teachers and students are there in the public education system? It is difficult to say. In Jakarta, the capital city, there are around 200 teachers with a varied command of English.
Who does the EYL teaching? • The class teacher (85%)
• A specialist teacher working in a single school (2.5%)
• A specialist teacher working in several schools (10%)
• A person who is not a qualified teacher but who knows English and works in a single school (2.5%)
Who is eligible to teach EYL in the public education system? • An established primary teacher with pre-service training in EYL
• An established secondary teacher who is willing to teach in a primary school
Nationwide are schools able to recruit enough EYL teachers? No
What official guidelines exist for EYL teaching? There is a general description of aims for EYL but no specific advice about content
Do EYL teaching materials have to be approved? There is no school budget for books, so teachers must make all their own materials
What materials are typically used? • Original teaching materials devised by teachers
• Lesson materials adapted by teachers from several published sources
• Locally published coursebooks
What other foreign languages are taught at primary level? Not stated
Are any changes in the provision of EYL planned or anticipated? The (early) age at which English is introduced is being reconsidered

Private sector primary schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? Yes
What percentage of primary age children attends them? 5%
What differences in EYL provision exist from public sector primary schools? Different starting age, quality of teachers, teaching hours and materials
What materials do they use for EYL? Not stated

Private language schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? Yes
How many Young Learners take private language school classes? 10%
How many hours of English do they typically offer? 3 per week in 2 x 1.5hour lessons
Is there any perceived conflict between public school and private language school provision in EYL? Not stated
What materials do they use for EYL?  Many kinds

Private tuition for Young Learners

Is there private tuition for primary age children? Yes
How many Young Learners are involved? 10%
What is the typical starting age for private tuition? Before mainstream education
Why do parents use private tutors?  Teaching is more intensive, more advanced and students can achieve a higher level

Date information collected: 1999

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