Summary of EYL in public primary schools

  Argentina  Austria  Bahrain  Bangladesh  Brazil  Colombia  Croatia 

Is EYL taught as an official part of the curriculum?  It is being introduced Yes  Yes  Yes  No  It is being introduced but is not widespread Yes 

When was it introduced?  1998 (regionally)  1983  1920  1992  N/A  Not stated 1997 

At what age do students begin EYL?  8 6 N/A  11 6/7

Is there any widespread teaching of English before official EYL begins?  No Not stated Yes No N/A Some, in upper primary  N/A

How many hours a week/school year are officially allocated for EYL?  At least 72 hours/year 1 hour/week x 35 weeks/year 5 hours/week x 32 weeks/year 44-82 hours/year  N/A 3 x 45 minutes/week  105-170 hours/year 

How many EYL a) teachers and b) students are there in the public education system?  Not stated Not stated a. 150
b. 30,000
a. 228,000
b. 18,030,805 
N/A a. 154,543
b. 4,101,135 
Not known 

% breakdown of how EYL teaching is supplied ¹ a. 5%
b. 5%
c. 10%
d. 40%
e. 40%

(b, c, d, e are estimates)

a. 99%
b. 1% 
b. 100%  a. 100%  N/A a. 100%  a. 10%
b. 80%
d. 10% 

Who is eligible to teach EYL in the public education system?  ²   a, d, h N/A Not stated d, e 

Nationwide are schools able to recuit enough eligible teachers?  No  Yes  Yes  No  N/A Not stated No 

What official guidelines exist for EYL teaching? ³ N/A

Do EYL teaching materials have to be approved?  4 N/A

What materials are typically used?  5 b, c  a, d a, b, c, d, e d N/A a, b, c, d  c, d 

What other foreign languages are taught?  Spanish (if not L1), Portuguese, French French, Italian  None  None  N/A None  French, German, Italian 

Are any changes in EYL provision planned or anticipated?  Yes Yes Yes Yes N/A Yes Not stated

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¹ a) the students' regular class teacher; b) a specialist teacher of English who works in only one school; c) a specialist teacher of English who gives lessons in more than one school; d) a person who is not a qualified teacher but who knows English and who works in only one school; e) a person who is not a qualified teacher but who knows English and who gives lessons in more than one school; f) other.
² a) an established primary teacher who has passed a local test of English; b) an established primary teacher who has passed an internationally recognised language test; c) a primary teacher who has successfully completed a special in-service training course in English and/or EYL methodology; d) a teacher who has pre-service training at college or university and is qualified to become a teacher of English at primary level; e) a teacher qualified to teach English at secondary school but who is willing to work in a primary school; f) a university graduate of English who has not taken courses in education or teaching methodology; g) a native speaker of English who has no recognised qualifications as a teacher; (h). other.
³ a) no published guidelines or syllabus; b) a general description of aims for EYL but no specific advice about content; c) a fairly detailed outline of suitable content, e.g. listing topic areas. functions, skills; d) a more detailed specification of content, e.g., word lists, structure lists, examples of phrases and sentences to be included; e) other.
4 a) teachers have to make their own materials as there is no school budget for books; b) teachers may choose any published materials provided that they are within the school budget; c) teachers may choose any published materials provided that they are within the school budget and that the materials have been officially cleared or approved; d) there is an officially approved list of locally published material and teachers may choose anything on it, within their budget; e) there is only one approved book and this is published specially for schools in the country/region. No other choice is allowed; f) other.
5 a) original materials devised by teachers themselves; b) lesson materials adapted by teachers from several published sources; c) international published coursebooks; d) local published coursebooks; e) other.
 
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