Public sector primary schools
|Is EYL taught
as an official part of the curriculum in public sector primary
but schools may introduce English if they meet
has been officially allowed in all schools since
1992, but specialised English language schools
have existed since 1957
|At what age
do students begin EYL?
(Grade 1) or 7/8 (Grade 2) in both specialised
schools and ordinary schools that are approved to
significant changes in teaching EYL taken place since 1980?
specialised schools English was originally
introduced at Grade 3; this was then lowered to
any widespread teaching of English before the official starting
age for compulsory EYL?
official data are available
hours a week/school year are officially allocated for EYL?
are 30 teaching weeks per year in Grade 1 and 32
weeks per year in Grades 2-4.
Grade 1: 60 lessons per year;
Grades 2-4: 96 lessons per year
In specialised schools Grade 4 teaches English
for 128 lessons per year.
Grade 1 lessons last 35 minutes; Grade 2-4
lessons 40 minutes.
EYL teachers and students are there in the public education system?
are no official statistics for EYL teachers. The
total number of EL teachers is 67,290. Secondary
teachers work at the same time in primary
schools. In 1997 EYL students totaled 1,290,705
in Grades 1-4.
the EYL teaching?
|Who is eligible
to teach EYL in the public education system?
A teacher with pre-service training at a college
or university and who is qualified to teach
English at secondary school. (Some pedagogical
colleges have opened faculties for training young
learners teachers specifically.)
A secondary teacher with in-service
training who is willing to work in a primary
school (in-service training is required)
A university graduate of English who has
not taken courses in teaching methodology and
education can teach English at both primary and
secondary level (in-service training is required)
A native speaker (e.g., Peace Corps
are schools able to recruit enough EYL teachers?
Schools sometimes have to hire people who are
qualified to work in other professions. Special
in-service courses are organised for this
category of teacher.
guidelines exist for EYL teaching?
is a detailed outline of content, goals, topic
areas, word lists, structure lists, examples of
phrases and sentences to concentrate on. A number
of textbooks with guidelines for teachers have
been recently published.
|Do EYL teaching
materials have to be approved?
can use any materials they choose, but the
authorities will pay only for local materials
that have official approval by the Ministry of
are typically used?
courses for primary level are available if the
parents pay for the textbooks. Teachers may also
devise their own materials.
foreign languages are taught at primary level?
(255,251 students), French (89,876), Spanish and
other languages (12,989). The starting age is 6/7
any changes in the provision of EYL planned or anticipated?
is a discussion about introducing EYL as a
compulsory subject in a 12-year school. (At the
moment primary and secondary cycles run to 11
years. The new 12-year school will be introduced
Private sector primary schools
Private tuition for Young Learners