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  South Africa

Public sector primary schools

Is EYL taught as an official part of the curriculum in public sector primary schools? Yes
When was it introduced? Over 50 years ago
At what age do students begin EYL? 6 (Year 1) as a subject; 10 (Year 5) as a medium
Have any significant changes in teaching EYL taken place since 1980? Not stated
Is there any widespread teaching of English before the official starting age for compulsory EYL? Yes. Most pre-school nurseries focus on English to prepare children for English medium schools.
How many hours a week/school year are officially allocated for EYL? Not stated
How many EYL teachers and students are there in the public education system? Not stated
Who does the EYL teaching? • The class teacher (50%)
• A specialist teacher working in a single school (50%)
Who is eligible to teach EYL in the public education system? An established primary teacher with pre-service training at college or university
Nationwide are schools able to recruit enough EYL teachers? Yes, thanks to pre-service training
What official guidelines exist for EYL teaching? There is a fairly detailed description of suitable content
Do EYL teaching materials have to be approved? Yes, and within the school's budget
What materials are typically used? • Lesson materials devised by teachers themselves
• Materials adapted by teachers from several published sources
• International coursebooks
• Locally published coursebooks
What other foreign languages are taught at primary level? Afrikaans from age 6
Are any changes in the provision of EYL planned or anticipated? No

Private sector primary schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? Yes
What percentage of primary age children attends them? Approximately 10%
What differences in EYL provision exist from public sector primary schools? There are no significant differences
What imported materials do they use for English? Not stated

Private language schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? No

Private tuition for Young Learners

Is there private tuition for primary age children? No

Date information collected: 1999

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