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Public sector primary schools

Is EYL taught as an official part of the curriculum in public sector primary schools? Yes
When was it introduced? 1990
At what age do students begin EYL? 10 (Form 5)
Have any significant changes in teaching EYL taken place since 1980? The starting age was raised from 11 to 12 (Year 1 General Secondary) in 1971, before it was reduced to 10 in 1990
Is there any widespread teaching of English before the official starting age for compulsory EYL? No
How many hours a week/school year are officially allocated for EYL? Forms 5/6: 3hours per week (180 working days, each with 30 minutes of EYL, make for 90 hours of English a year)
How many EYL teachers and students are there in the public education system? 15,000 teachers
1,125,320 students
Who does the EYL teaching? • A specialist teacher working in one school (20%)
• A person who is not a qualified teacher but who knows English and who works in one school (80%)
Who is eligible to teach EYL in the public education system? • An established primary teacher with a pass in English at Sudanese School Certificate level
• An established primary teacher with two years of in-service training after secondary school
• An established teacher with pre-service training at a college or university and a qualification to become a teacher of English at primary level. (Within the new educational policy this is the kind of teacher now being prepared at college level to join the profession from 2000.)
Nationwide are schools able to recruit enough EYL teachers?  No. New colleges with ELT departments are being established to cover the 26 states in Sudan.
What official guidelines exist for EYL teaching? There are teacher's guide books
Do EYL teaching materials have to be approved? Yes. There is only 1 approved book and this is published specially for schools in this country. No other choice is allowed.
What materials are typically used? Locally published coursebooks
What other foreign languages are taught at primary level? None, but French is introduced at age 15 (first year of secondary education)
Are any changes in the provision of EYL planned or anticipated?  The recruitment of all teachers from faculties of education. A study of the backwash effects of the EYL final exam is well underway.

Private sector primary schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? Yes
What percentage of primary age children attends them? 5%
What differences in EYL provision exist from public sector primary schools? The starting age (6 years). The materials.
What materials do they use for EYL? Materials are locally prepared by schools and Sudanese NGOs. International coursebooks are used in international schools and in some NGO schools

Private language schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? Yes, but they are all in Khartoum
How many Young Learners take private language school classes? Approximately 5%
How many hours of English do they typically offer? 6 per week
Is there any perceived conflict between public school and private language school provision in EYL? Students at private schools usually score higher in the national final exam. Teaching is almost always aimed at the exam, which emphasises structure and grammar, though this is under review.
What materials do they use for EYL? Not stated

Private tuition for Young Learners

Is there private tuition for primary age children? Yes, mainly in Khartoum
How many Young Learners are involved? Approximately 3%
What is the typical starting age for private tuition? Not before mainstream education
Why do parents use private tutors? There is nationwide discontent with standards in public schools, which are seen as having fallen over the years

Date information collected: 1999

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