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Public sector primary schools

Is EYL taught as an official part of the curriculum in public sector primary schools? Yes
When was it introduced? Not stated
At what age do students begin EYL? 6 (Grade 1)
Have any significant changes in teaching EYL taken place since 1980? Not stated
Is there any widespread teaching of English before the official starting age for compulsory EYL? No
How many hours a week/school year are officially allocated for EYL? 4 x 40 minutes per week
How many EYL teachers and students are there in the public education system? No statistics available
Who does the EYL teaching? A specialist teacher working in one school (100%)
Who is eligible to teach EYL in the public education system? • A primary teacher who has successfully completed a special in-service training course in English and/or EYL methodology
• A teacher who has had pre-service training at college or university and is qualified to become a teacher of English at primary level
• A teacher who is qualified to teach English at secondary level but who is willing to work in a primary school
• A university graduate of English who has not taken courses in education or teaching methodology
Nationwide are schools able to recruit enough EYL teachers? Yes
What official guidelines exist for EYL teaching? Teachers are supplied with a coursebook that has an accompanying course guide
Do EYL teaching materials have to be approved? Yes. There is only one approved book for use in schools.
What materials are typically used? • Original teaching materials devised by teachers themselves
• Locally published course materials
• What teachers do in the classroom depends very much on their individual supervisors. Some are encouraged to improvise, others are told to go by the book.

What other foreign languages are taught at primary level? None
Are any changes in the provision of EYL planned or anticipated? Not stated

Private sector primary schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? Yes
What percentage of primary age children attends them? Not known
What differences in EYL provision exist from public sector primary schools? Different starting age, teaching hours, material
What materials do they use for EYL?  Not stated

Private language schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? Yes
How many Young Learners take private language school classes? Not stated
How many hours of English do they typically offer? Not stated
Is there any perceived conflict between state and private provision in EYL? Not stated
What materials do they use for EYL?  In general internationally published materials

Private tuition for Young Learners

Is there private tuition for primary age children? Yes
How many Young Learners are involved? Not stated
What is the typical starting age for private tuition? Probably not before mainstream education
Why do parents use private tutors? Some use them because the schools that their children attend are very exams/results-oriented. Others use them to make up for shortcomings in schools in terms of resources and inexperienced teachers.

Date information collected: 1999

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