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Public sector primary schools

Is EYL taught as an official part of the curriculum in public sector primary schools? Yes
When was it introduced?  1961 - at Extensive English Learning schools
At what age do students begin EYL? 7 (Year 1) in Extensive English Learning schools; 10/11 (Year 5)
Have any significant changes in teaching EYL taken place since 1980? No
Is there any widespread teaching of English before the official starting age for compulsory EYL? No
How many hours a week/school year are officially allocated for EYL? Years 1/ 2: 3hours per week (100hours per year)
Years 3/4: 4hours per week (130hours per year)
How many EYL teachers and students are there in the public education system? No statistics available
Who does the EYL teaching? • A specialist teacher working in one school (80%)
• A specialist teacher working in several schools (20%)
Who is eligible to teach EYL in the public education system? • An established primary teacher who has successfully completed a special in-service training course in English language and/or EYL methodology, e.g. at Kharkiv Pedagogical University
• A secondary teacher who is willing to teach English in a primary school
Nationwide are schools able to recruit enough EYL teachers? No
What official guidelines exist for EYL teaching? There is detailed specification of content, with e.g. word lists, structure lists, examples of phrases and sentences to be included in the teaching.
Do EYL teaching materials have to be approved? Sources are recommended by the Ministry of Education, though schools may lack the funds to buy them.
What materials are typically used? • Original materials devised by the teachers themselves
• Materials adapted by teachers from several published sources
• International coursebooks
• Locally published coursebooks
What other foreign languages are taught at primary level? German, French, Spanish, Hebrew
Are any changes in the provision of EYL planned or anticipated? Not stated

Private sector primary schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? Yes
What percentage of primary age children attends them? 5%
What differences in EYL provision exist from public sector primary schools? Different starting age, teaching hours, materials
What materials do they use for EYL?  Not stated


Private language schools

Is there a significant number of these schools? Yes
How many Young Learners take private language school classes?  5%
How many hours of English do they typically offer? 4-6 per week
Is there any perceived conflict between public school and private language school provision in EYL? Private schools offer more advanced lessons and have a different methodology
What materials do they use for EYL? Internationally published books - OUP, Longman, CUP


Private tuition for Young Learners

Is there private tuition for primary age children? Yes
How many Young Learners are involved? 10%
What is the typical starting age for private tuition? Before mainstream education
Why do parents use private tutors? So that their children can start learning English earlier and have access to more and better quality instruction

Date information collected: 1999


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