2g) Postgraduate qualifications
Those who already have a first degree or comparable qualification are
eligible to take a Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) course.
The PGCE is a professional teaching qualification and courses are recognised
by the DfEE as providing initial training for teachers. PGCE courses
normally have a core element which is devoted to education and candidates
then choose a specific subject as the other main area of study. In most
cases candidates can also choose other subjects to study as accompanying
Applications for PGCE courses in England and Wales should not be made
directly to institutions, but via the Graduate
Teacher Training Registry. Applications for PGCE courses in Scotland
should be made directly to the institutions.
2h) Other advanced courses
For those who wish to pursue their career further
there are advanced and postgraduate courses, ranging from a postgraduate
certificate over two terms to diplomas/masters/doctoral degrees involving
a minimum of one year's study. In addition there is a vast range of
short courses in specialized subject areas allowing the student to look
in depth at one area of teaching. Subjects studied in advanced courses
vary widely and it is important for prospective students to look closely
at the course content to ensure that it suits their needs before embarking
on a course. Please note that many postgraduate diploma and MA courses
do not have a teaching practice component.
Students on TEFL certificate or diploma courses are normally self-financed.
Certain candidates may be eligible for a Career Development Loan,available
from the Department for Education and Employment
(DfEE) and four major banks: Barclays, The Cooperative Bank, Glydesdale
and The Royal Bank of Scotland.
Mandatory Local Education Authority (LEA) grants are usually available
for first degrees, BEd's and sometimes PGCE courses. For further details
please contact the LEA covering the area of your permanent address,
or the LEA in the area where the course is located. Advanced and specialized
courses are normally self-financed for UK residents. Overseas students
can contact their local
British Council office for information on possible sources of financial
4) Career opportunities
Prospective TEFL teachers have various options open
to them for employment in the UK and overseas. Organisations require
different qualifications. Before embarking on a course of study leading
to a specific qualification, it is advisable to check requirements by
contacting several institutions in the countries you are particularly
interested in. Some private school chains which have schools world-wide
may offer employment following successful completion of their own TEFL
courses. However, these courses sometimes concentrate on the school's
own teaching methods and materials and may limit your mobility between
Voluntary agencies and religious organisations increasingly look for
well-qualified candidates and often ask for a minimum of two years post-qualification
Recruitment agencies will usually have a number of vacancies available
at any given time. Generally these agencies look for candidates with
formal qualifications and would normally expect the courses taken by
applicants to have included a teaching practice element. A number of
agencies recruit for their own chain of schools as well as for other
5) Working in the UK
It may be difficult for unqualified or newly qualified
teachers to find well-paid work in the UK although there is a demand
for teachers with a Certificate or Diploma level TEFL qualification
or a PGCE, which are usually considered the minimum qualification for
employment. There is usually a large demand for teachers during the
summer months when private language schools, colleges and universities
recruit for the annual intake of foreign students. Year-round jobs are
ARELS (Association of Recognised English Language
ARELS is a non-profit making organisation
of private English Language Schools in the UK which are inspected and
accredited by the British Council and who conduct courses in English
as a Foreign Language. ARELS produce a free annual guide listing member
schools and also an information sheet on teaching in their establishments,
these are available direct from ARELS. It is advisable for those seeking
employment to make direct contact with the ARELS schools.
BALEAP (British Association of Lecturers in English for Academic
BALEAP is a national organisation of
English Language Centres within British Universities where EAP (English
for Academic Purposes) is taught. BALEAP publishes a handbook containing
a list of universities offering pre-sessional English courses, as well
as offering a database for teachers of EAP looking for work in the UK.
For further information please contact BALEAP.
BASELT (The British Association of State English Language Teaching)
BASELT acts as a co-ordinating body
for State educational institutions which offer accredited courses for
students wishing to learn English and who employ qualified teachers.
An annual free booklet lists all member establishments. It is advisable
to contact the institution direct regarding employment. For a copy of
the BASELT handbook please contact BASELT.
6) Working abroad
The demand for English world-wide is on the increase
and as such the prospects of a well paid long-term career in TEFL are
getting better. However, in Western Europe at least, it is still the
case that market saturation and better provision within state education
systems have led to a shift in demand towards more specialised and sophisticated
language teaching services.
Areas where employment prospects are good include Turkey, parts of
East Asia (for example Japan, Taiwan and Vietnam), the Gulf, and most
of Latin America. Employment prospects in Eastern Europe are also expanding
dramatically, with opportunities arising in Russia, Poland and the Czech
Republic. Demand is also likely to increase in Australia, China, South
Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa. However, in the cases of China and Sub-Saharan
Africa, this is unlikely to lead to greatly increased employment prospects
for native speaker EFL teachers.
Posts in developing countries have decreased considerably over the
past few years because of a reduction in foreign aid budgets. A knock
on effect of this has been that numbers of highly qualified teachers,
many with up to thirty years' experience, have joined the market for
TEFL jobs in other parts of the world.
In general, salaries and employment prospects are not good in the profession
and the demand that teachers be qualified, experienced and specialised
continues to increase. The recognition of specific qualifications may
vary between countries though the Cambridge/RSA and Trinity College
Certificates and Diplomas tend to be widely accepted. Some countries
also require teachers to have a degree or equivalent qualification.
New entrants to the profession would be well advised to get reputable
qualifications as early on in their careers as possible. Volunteer teaching
programmes are a valuable source of experience for those new to the
profession or seeking to expand their professional skills.
Teaching jobs can be arranged in the UK or whilst overseas. The following
are major recruitment agencies and major EFL employers.
The Bell Language Schools
The Bell Educational Trust through its
schools specializes in teaching English as a foreign language and in
teacher training courses. Bell has six schools in the UK and a total
of four schools in Switzerland, Hungary and the Czech Republic as well
as associate schools in Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden and Thailand.
Berlitz is one of the largest language
organisations in the world. Following a successful interview, applicants
attend in-house training in the 'Berlitz method' and upon satisfactory
completion of the training, teachers are employed within the organization.
Minimum entry requirement is a first degree or equivalent.
The British Council
The British Council, through Central Management
of Direct Teaching (CMDT), recruits about 120 teachers and supervisory
staff to work in its overseas language centres. For most teaching posts
they are looking for candidates with a diploma level TEFL qualification,
or a PGCE in TEFL, and two years experience. Applications are normally
invited in response to specific advertisements in The
Guardian, Times Educational Supplement
and the EFL Gazette. Overseas Appointment Services
(OAS) recruit specialists on behalf of overseas government agencies
and institutions. The British Council also recruits for teaching staff
Central Bureau for Educational Visits and Exchanges (CBEVE)
Central Bureau (CBEVE) forms part of the
British Council and administers various teacher exchange programmes
for certified teachers and language assistants throughout the world.
They also compile information guides on opportunities available for
work, study and travel abroad including Teach Abroad, a handbook
offering guidance on the options available including TEFL positions.
CfBT Education Services
CfBT Education Services (formerly the
Centre for British Teachers) recruits qualified and experienced ELT
supervisory staff and teachers for its own projects in Brunei, Malaysia,
Oman and on behalf of Turkish clients. They also manage several aid-funded
projects in Africa and South East Asia. They generally advertise in
the national press.
Christians Abroad has a World Service Enquiry
desk for people of any faith, or none. It offers information and advice
about opportunities to work overseas through a variety of different
organizations, secular and Christian.
The East European Partnership
The East European Partnership is an initiative
by Voluntary Services Overseas and places selected graduate volunteers
in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Volunteers
must be qualified teachers or have a TEFL qualification with two year's
experience and are paid a local salary.
ELT Banbury is a recruitment specialist
recruiting for its own centres in fourteen countries, covering Europe,
the Far East and the Middle East; and on behalf of other institutions.
It maintains an ELT International Teachers Directory for worldwide
English World-wide is the largest independent
recruitment agency in the UK. Established in 1984, the company recruits
qualified teachers for posts in Europe, the Middle East, Latin America,
and the Far East. English Worldwide also offers teachers training courses,
including the Trinity College (LTCL) Diploma, and the LCCI Cert TEB.
ILC (International Language Centres) Recruitment
ILC has one of the largest British Council
accredited summer school operations in the UK employing up to 500 EFL
teachers every summer. ILC's summer schools and permanent schools in
the UK, Czech Republic and France are also affiliated to International
Inlingua Teacher Training and Recruitment
Inlingua recruits TEFL teachers for
over two hundred and eighty schools world-wide, especially Spain, Italy,
Germany, Russia, Poland and Singapore. The Trinity Cert TESOL and two
week introductory courses are run year round and preference regarding
placements is given to those who successfully complete one of their
International House London
International House London is an educational
trust which specialises in the teaching of English as a foreign language
and in teacher training courses in TEFL. There are currently over ninety
schools in twenty countries affiliated to the central organisation.
The teacher Selection Department is responsible for recruiting trained
teachers for these schools.
The Japan Exchange and Teaching Programme (JET)
The Council on International Exchange runs
the JET programme which recruits approximately 550 native English speakers
each year to work as assistant English teachers in Japanese secondary
schools. No teaching experience or TEFL qualifications are needed but
a degree is required. The Council also run the Teach in China programme.
As with the JET programme, no TEFL qualification is required but a degree
is neccessary. For both programmes, an interest in teaching and either
the Japanese or Chinese cultures are an advantage.
Linguarama recruits teachers for teaching
posts at its 38 centres in the Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany,
Hungary, Italy, Poland, Spain, UK.
Saxoncourt (UK) Ltd
Saxoncourt is an international organization
with over 100 schools around the world. Saxoncourt Recruitment is now
the largest EFL recruitment agency based in the UK. They recruit more
than 300 qualified EFL teachers each year to over 20 different countries
in Asia, Western Europe, eastern Europe, the Middle East and Latin America.
Saxoncourt Teacher Training is a non-profit making part of the organization
offering pre-service (Cambridge/RSA CELTA and CELTYL) and in-service
training (COTE, DOTE, management training) for teachers and ELT professionals.
Voluntary Service Overseas (VSO)
VSO recruits over 400 teachers each year
to work in more than fifty developing countries. The range of posts
filled covers primary, secondary, tertiary, teacher training and special
education. The East European Partnership, a discrete unit of VSO recruit
teachers for posts in East and Central Europe.
World-wide Education Service (WES)
WES is an educational consultancy which
includes recruitment as one of a wide range of educational services
such as school inspection, advice and in-service teacher training to
schools overseas and in the UK. EFL recruitment is a minor activity
but qualified mainstream teachers who also offer EFL are very much welcomed.